When you think about learning SQL, one of the first things you come across is the SELECT statement. Selecting information is arguably the most important SQL feature. In this article, we’ll demonstrate the typical use cases for SQL SELECT with practical examples. Read this article if you’re a beginner database user and would like to know what SELECT can do for you. SQL SELECT is probably the most widely used SQL statement, SQL SELECT statement is used for fetching some data from a database. The statement is just a query that claims what data to be retrieved, where to search for it, and how to modify it before returning. In most cases, the SELECT query is run with FROM. SELECT states columns and FROM indicates a table where these columns are located. SELECT statement options: SQL SELECT has different clauses to manage the data output. They are: FROM, AS, GROUP BY, HAVING, INTO, ORDER BY, * (asterisk). Let’s see how we can use each clause within the SELECT syntax. We will use this database schema from Mike Dane Check the link if you want to know how to create a database like this This schema is very ideal for learning SELECT statements.
The SQL SELECT Statement is used to select data from a database, the data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set. The SELECT statement is divided into two A- SELECT *: The following SQL statement selects all the employees from the “employee” table. B- SELECT Column Name: The following SQL statement selects the “emp_id” and “first name” and “last name” and employees from the “employee” table.
The SELECT DISTINCT statement is used to return only distinct (different) values, next to a table, a column often contains many duplicate values; And sometimes you just want to list the different (distinctive) values. This can be done using the SELECT DISTINCT statement. Different values will be output based on the column you want to extract different values from. If you use one column, the different rows will be output in this column only, and if you use two or more columns, it will be output. The different rows in these columns.
4- SQL AND, OR and NOT Operators: The clause can be combined with , , and operators. The and operators are used to filter records based on more than one condition: The operator displays a record if all the conditions separated by are TRUE. The operator displays a record if any of the conditions separated by is TRUE. The operator displays a record if the condition(s) is NOT TRUE. You can also combine the , and operators. Syntax Of SELECT Statement AND, OR and NOT Operators:
The keyword is used to sort the result-set in ascending or descending order, the keyword sorts the records in ascending order by default or you can use for ascending order. To sort the records in descending order, use the keyword, you can also sort by multiple columns.
What is a NULL Value? A field with a NULL value is a field with no value, if a field in a table is optional, it is possible to insert a new record or update a record without adding a value to this field. Then, the field will be saved with a NULL value, A NULL value is different from a zero value or a field that contains spaces. A field with a NULL value is one that has been left blank during record creation!. How to Test for NULL Values: It is not possible to test for NULL values with comparison operators, such as =,